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Jan Christian Smuts (1870 - 1950)
Charter of the United Nations

We the Peoples of the United Nations, Determined

to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war,
which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to
mankind, and

to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity
and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men
and women and of nations large and small, and

to establish conditions under which justice and respect for
the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of
international law can be maintained, and

to promote social progress and better standards of life in
larger freedom, and for these Ends

to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another
as good neighbors, and

to unite our strength to maintain international peace and
security, and

to ensure by the acceptance of principles and the institution of
methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common
interest, and

to employ international machinery for the promotion of the
economic and social advancement of all peoples,

Have Resolved to Combine our Efforts to Accomplish these Aims.

Accordingly, our respective Governments, through representatives
assembled in the city of San Francisco, who have exhibited their
full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed to the
present Charter of the United Nations and do hereby establish an
international organization to be known as the United Nations.

(June 1945. This preamble was based on the draft written by Jan
Christian Smuts.)

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